Teachers, scroll down for a quick list of key resources in our Teachers’ Toolkit!
- Read through the Nat Geo News interview or Nat Geo photo gallery on de-extinction. What is de-extinction?
- De-extinction describes the process of creating an organism that is a member of an extinct species, or is closely related to an extinct species. De-extinction is also called species revivalism or resurrection biology.
- Read through our short encyclopedic entry on endangered species. Why do species go extinct?
- Does the de-extinction movement address the reasons species go extinct?
- Maura O’Connor, the science writer interviewed in the Nat Geo News article, says, “[i]n many of the de-extinctions being proposed, they don’t address the problems that caused the extinctions in the first place. We may be able to create woolly mammoths, which would be Asian elephants genetically engineered to survive in the Arctic. But that doesn’t solve the problem of why Asian elephants are endangered.”
- According to O’Connor, even without de-extinction technology, human behavior is already influencing evolution and biodiversity. How?
- “Most of us are aware that climate change is altering habitats and environments. What we don’t necessarily think about is that by changing habitats and environments, we’re influencing the forces that act upon evolution. Changes are now happening so quickly that they appear to be driving some species towards extinction because they can’t adapt fast enough. Climate change is also driving adaptations that speed up evolution.”
- Another writer (in the video below) was more blunt: “Playing god with de-extinction? Were we playing god when we drove these species to extinction?”
- In the short video above, associated with a 2013 conference on de-extinction, scientists and engineers pose a series of open-ended questions. One of the most basic comes from Australian paleontologist Michael Archer, who is interested in the de-extinction of the Tasmanian tiger. “If you bring an animal like that back,” he says, “what are you going to do with it?” What are some other questions the de-extinction community must ask?
- How do you teach a “revived” species to act like that species—to enact the behavioral characteristics of that animal? Maura O’Connor says “It’s not just DNA. There’s also animal culture and the relationship between ecology and species. And it’s far from clear that scientists understand how they could bring back those types of relationships.”
- Would you keep the de-extinct animal in a zoo or research facility?
- Would you try to re-introduce the de-extinct animal to “the wild”? How would you determine where “the wild” would be?
- How would you determine how the de-extinct animal would interact and compete with other species for resources?
Nat Geo: Bringing them Back to Life
Nat Geo: What is an endangered species?
TedX: DeExtinction videos
The Long Now Foundation: Revive & Restore—Candidate Species