UNITED STATES The attack on Pearl Harbor, 75 years ago this week, was the worst day in the U.S. Navy’s history and the shock of a lifetime for just about any American who had achieved the age of memory. Why was the attack a surprise to almost everyone—including the Japanese? (Smithsonian) Use our great interactive timeline to better understand the Pacific Theatre of World War … Continue reading How (Almost) Everyone Failed to Prepare for Pearl Harbor
UNITED STATES New images of a U.S. Navy seaplane that sank in Hawaiian waters during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor are the clearest images taken of such wreckage. (Associated Press) Use our fantastic interactive to better understand the “date which will live in infamy.” Teachers, scroll down for a quick list of key resources in our Teachers’ Toolkit, including a link to today’s MapMaker … Continue reading Rare Images Reveal Seaplane Sunk in Pearl Harbor Attack
Sixty-nine years ago today, Japan bombed the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawai’i, prompting the United States government to declare war on Japan, thus entering the U.S. into World War II.
Americans know it as the “date which will live in infamy,” as President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared it just a day after the attack. On the morning of December 7, 1941, a fleet of Japanese war planes successfully launched a surprise attack on the U.S. naval base. There are several factors that characterize the attack and distinguish it from other wartime events in American history, one of which is the attack’s element of surprise. While the U.S. and Japan’s relationship had been getting more and more contentious as the war in Europe waged on, the U.S. did not think a Japanese attack on American soil was probable. Hawai’i and Japan are 4,000 miles apart, and there were several European colonies much closer to Japan in the South Pacific.