Here’s an advance look at some of the “This Day in Geographic History” (TDIGH) events coming up this week. For each date, we’ve matched it with a map or visual, background information, and a classroom activity so you can plan ahead.
Monday, February 6
In 1820 the American Colonization Society created the colony of Liberia to serve as a “home” for freed American slaves.
Activity: Watch this short video about the history of Liberia. Discuss the pros and cons of creating the colony of Liberia. How were the actions of U.S. presidents toward Liberia hypocritical?
Thursday, February 9
Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy’s 1950 speech incited a witch hunt against teachers, union supporters, and government workers for supposed communist sympathies.
Background: The start of the Cold War
Friday, February 10
The 1763 treaty which ended the war between Britain and France (and their respective allies) forced France to give up its colonies in North America.
Background: More about the Treaty of Paris, 1763
Activity: How did the Seven Years’ War help lay the groundwork for the American Revolution? (Answer can be found in this video.)
Saturday, February 11
After 27 years in prison for his work fighting against South Africa’s system of racial apartheid, Mandela was freed in 1990.
Sunday, February 12
Considered the “father of evolution,” Darwin developed the theory of natural selection, which asserts that the plants and animals that best adapt to their environments are more likely to survive.
Activity: Read “One of ‘Darwin’s Finches’ Struggles to Survive” and answer the discussion questions.