This Week in Geographic History, October 24 – 30

Here’s an advance look at a some of the “This Day in Geographic History” (TDIGH) events coming up this week.  For each date, we’ve matched it with a map or visual, background information, and a classroom activity so you can plan ahead.

Monday, October 24

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Members of the UN Security Council debate Arab-Israeli relations in 1961 at UN Headquarters in New York. Photograph by B.A. Stewart and J.E. Fletcher, National Geographic

TDIGH: United Nations Founded

Directly after World War II, representatives from 50 countries created the UN in hopes of increasing international cooperation and preventing future conflict.

Map: UN Membership

Background: More info about international and intergovernmental organizations

Activity: What is Model UN? Read about one class’ experience with Model UN.


Tuesday, October 25

TDIGH: First Kamikaze Strikes

Japanese pilots adopted the kamikaze suicide bombing tactic in late 1944 as a last, desperate effort in World War II.

Map: Use Mapmaker Interactive to show the Pacific Theater of WWII

Background: Timeline of WWII in the Pacific

Activity: How can Japan’s use of kamikaze strikes be traced back to what happened at the Battle of Midway?


Wednesday, October 26

Uluru, the iconic rock formation in Australia’s Northern Territory, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Photograph by Amy Toensing, National Geographic

TDIGH: Uluru Returned to Australian Aborigines

Returning ownership of the famous sandstone formation, known as Uluru or Ayers Rock, to Australia’s indigenous population in 1985 marked a growing recognition of their rights.

Visual: Ayers Rock

Background: Human Geography of Australia

Activity: Analyze a current conflict over the rights of indigenous peoples by discussing the Dakota Access Pipeline and Native Americans’ protest against it.


Thursday, October 27

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Workers expand the New York City subway by adding a line beneath Broadway in 1918. Photograph by Paul Thompson, National Geographic

TDIGH: New York City Subway System Opens

The busiest subway system in the U.S. opened in 1904 after a major blizzard in 1888 showed the benefits of underground transportation.  

Map: 1904 subway map

Context: More info about urban areas

Activity: Explore public transportation around the world using this interactive.


Saturday, October 29

TDIGH: Black Tuesday

The crash of the U.S. stock market in 1929 led to the decade-long economic crisis known as the Great Depression.

Visual: Poster created by the WPA

Background: Timeline of the Great Depression

Activity: What is a bond? What does “recession” mean? Review terms in Scholastic’s Kid’s Economic Glossary  

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