Here’s an advance look at a some of the “This Day in Geographic History” (TDIGH) events coming up this week. For each date, we’ve matched it with a map or visual, background information, and a classroom activity so you can plan ahead.
Monday, October 17
The magnitude 6.9 earthquake near Oakland, California in 1989 was triggered by the shifting tectonic plates along the San Andreas Fault.
Background: What is the Ring of Fire?
Activity: Watch our “Earthquakes 101” video
Reacting to U.S. support for Israel in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, OPEC restricted oil exports to the U.S., causing high gas prices and rationing.
Background: More about OPEC
Activity: Discuss why an embargo can be a political weapon and ask if students know any other examples of embargoes. (For grades 9-12: History of the Oil Crisis Quiz)
Tuesday, October 18
Though the line was created to resolve a border dispute between Pennsylvania and Maryland, it also marked the division between the north and south during the Civil War.
Background: What are boundaries?
Activity: Use MapMaker to pick a country and ask students to identify physical boundaries within it (i.e. the Rio Grande is the boundary between Texas and Mexico).
Thursday, October 20
The UN created this day in 2010 to acknowledge the vital role statistics play in making informed policy decisions. Technically celebrated every five years, the next official World Statistics Day is in 2020.
Visual: World Statistics Clock
Context: What statistics can you calculate using census data? (i.e. percentage of households with pets, number of senior citizens, etc)
Saturday, October 22
In response to finding Soviet nuclear facilities in Cuba in 1962, the U.S. quarantined the island, escalating the conflict known as the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Background: U.S.- Cuba relations, past and present