Here’s an advance look at a some of the “This Day in Geographic History” (TDIGH) events coming up this week. For each date, we’ve matched it with a map or visual, background information, and a classroom activity so you can plan ahead.
Tuesday, September 13
After proudly watching Americans fend off the British at Fort McHenry during the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key wrote a poem that later became the national anthem of the U.S.
Background: What defines a nation?
Wednesday, September 14
Created in 1960 to coordinate global oil policies, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is made up of 12 nations.
Background: Learn more about petroleum
Thursday, September 15
Naturalist Charles Darwin developed his theory of natural selection, part of the process of evolution, from his observations of plants and animals in the Galapagos Islands.
Background: What is speciation?
In 1988, September 15 through October 15 was officially designated as a month to honor the contributions of Hispanic and Latino Americans.
Background: Read about why people migrate
Activity: Watch the above video explaining the difference between the terms Hispanic and Latino, and why ethnicity is real but race is not.
Saturday, September 17
Named after the fictional Star Trek starship, Enterprise served as the prototype for NASA’s next five space shuttles.
Background: What is the atmosphere?