Africa’s Physical Landscapes

Mount Maru Physical geography is the study of processes that shape the Earth’s surface. All of the rivers, mountains, fields, and valleys that make up our neighborhoods (and cities and states and countries) add up to create the physical geography of our planet.

And the African continent has one of the most unique physical geographies in the world: the world’s largest desert and longest river, plus mountains, plains, woodlands, valleys, volcanic rifts, and much, much more.

This great variety of landscapes makes Africa the perfect place to celebrate geography—and sets the backdrop for our Geography Awareness Week look at its cultures, wildlife, resources, and history. Explore the African continent and take a journey beyond your wildest imagination!

Photograph of Tanzania’s Mount Maru by Dan Westergren/National Geographic Image Collection


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